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TSS Wireless with Hand-held case

3-Space Wireless 2.4GHz DSSS



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Product Overview

The YEI 3-Space Sensor™ Wireless integrates a miniature, high-precision, high-reliability, Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) / Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) with a 2.4GHz DSSS communication interface and a rechargeable lithium-polymer battery solution into a single low-cost end-use-ready unit. The Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) / Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) uses triaxial gyroscope, accelerometer, and compass sensors in conjunction with advanced processing and on-board quaternion-based orientation filtering algorithms to determine orientation relative to an absolute reference in real-time.

Orientation can be returned in absolute terms or relative to a designated reference orientation. The gradient descent calibration process and high update rates increase accuracy and greatly reduce and compensate for sensor error. The YEI 3-Space Sensor system also utilizes a dynamic sensor confidence algorithm that ensures optimal accuracy and precision across a wide range of operating conditions.

YEI 3-Space Sensor Wireless

The YEI 3-Space Sensor Wireless unit features are accessible via a well-documented open communication protocol that allows access to all available sensor data and configuration parameters using either 2.4GHz DSSS wireless or USB 2.0 interfaces. Versatile commands allow access to raw sensor data, normalized sensor data, and filtered absolute and relative orientation outputs in multiple formats including: quaternion, Euler angles (pitch/roll/yaw), rotation matrix, axis angle, two vector(forward/up).

Areas of Application

  • Robotics
  • Motion capture
  • Positioning and stabilization
  • Personnel/pedestrian navigation and tracking
  • Unmanned air/land/water vehicle navigation
  • Education and performing arts
  • Healthcare monitoring
  • Gaming and motion control
  • Accessibility interfaces
  • Virtual reality and immersive simulation

Hardware Overview

YEI 3-Space Wireless Sensor Diagram

Key Features

The YEI 3-Space Sensor Wireless 2.4GHz DSSS has many features that allow it to be a flexible all-in-one solution for your orientation sensing needs. Below are some of the key features:

  • Small self-contained high-performance wireless AHRS at 35mm x 60mm x 15mm and 28 grams
  • Integrated 2.4GHz DSSS wireless communication interface allows high-performance at ranges up to 200'
  • Integrated Lithium-Polymer battery and charge control allows battery life of 5+ hours at full performance
  • Fast sensor update and filter rate allow use in real-time applications, including stabilization, virtual reality, realtime immersive simulation, and robotics
  • Highly customizable orientation sensing with options such as tunable filtering, oversampling, and orientation error correction
  • Advanced integrated Kalman filtering allows sensor to automatically reduce the effects of sensor noise and sensor error
  • Robust open protocol allows commands to be sent in human readable form, or more quickly in machine readable form
  • Orientation output format available in absolute or relative terms in multiple formats ( quaternion, rotation matrix, axis angle, two-vector )
  • Absolute or custom reference axes
  • Access to raw sensor data
  • Flexible communication options: USB 2.0 or wireless 2.4GHz DSSS (FCC Certified)
  • Communication through a virtual COM port
  • USB joystick/mouse emulation modes ease integration with existing applications
  • Upgradeable firmware
  • RGB status LED, two programmable input buttons
  • Available in either hand-held or strap-down packaging
  • Each communication dongle unit (Part: TSS-DNG) supports up to 15 independent sensor units



Part number TSS-WL (Handheld Sensor Unit)
TSS-WL-S (Strapdown Sensor Unit)
TSS-DNG (Communication Dongle)
Dimensions 35mm x 60mm x 15mm (1.38 x 2.36 x 0.59 in.)
Weight 28 grams (0.98 oz)
Supply voltage +5v USB
Battery technology rechargeable Lithium-Polymer
Battery lifetime 5+ hours continuous use at full performance
Communication interfaces USB 2.0, 2.4GHz DSSS Wireless (FCC certified)
Wireless communication range up to 200'
Filter update rate up to 250Hz USB / 200Hz wireless with Kalman AHRS(higher with oversampling)
up to 850Hz USB / 230Hz wireless with QCOMP AHRS(higher with oversampling)
up to 1350Hz USB / 260Hz wireless in IMU mode
Orientation output absolute & relative quaternion, Euler angles, axis angle, rotation matrix, two vector
Other output raw sensor data, normalized sensor data, calibrated sensor data, temperature
Shock survivability 5000g
Temperature range -40C ~ 85C (-40F ~ 185F)


Orientation range 360º about all axes
Orientation accuracy ±1º for dynamic conditions & all orientations
Orientation resolution <0.08º
Orientation repeatability 0.085º for all orientations
Accelerometer scale ±2g / ±4g / ±8g selectable for standard models
±6g / ±12g / ±24g selectable for HH models
±100g / ±200g / ±400g selectable for H3 models
Accelerometer resolution 14 bit, 12 bit(HH), 12 bit(H3)
Accelerometer noise density 99µg/√Hz, 650µg/√Hz(HH), 15mg/√Hz(H3)
Accelerometer sensitivity 0.00024g/digit-0.00096g/digit
Accelerometer temperature sensitivity ±0.008%/°C, ±0.01%/°C(HH, H3)
Gyro scale ±250/±500/±1000/±2000 º/sec selectable
Gyro resolution 16 bit
Gyro noise density 0.009º/sec/√Hz
Gyro bias stability @ 25°C 2.5º/hr average for all axes
Gyro sensitivity 0.00833º/sec/digit for ±250º/sec
0.06667º/sec/digit for ±2000º/sec
Gyro non-linearity 0.2% full-scale
Gyro temperature sensitivity ±0.03%/°C
Compass scale ±0.88 Ga to ±8.1 Ga selectable  (±1.3 Ga default) 
Compass resolution 12 bit
Compass sensitivity 0.73 mGa/digit
Compass non-linearity 0.1% full-scale


YEI 3-Space Wireless Sensor Dimensional Drawing

Downloads and Documentation



Technical Brief: 3-Space Sensor Wireless3.0r1, updated 4 Nov 2014, Includes product data and specifications

3-Space Sensor Quick Start Manual Wireless3.0r1, updated 4 Nov 2014

3-Space Sensor User's Manual Wireless 3.0r1, updated 4 Nov 2014


3-Space Firmware Update - Wireless 2.4GHz DSSS Sensor3.0r7, updated 17 Mar 2015

3-Space Firmware Update - Wireless 2.4GHz DSSS Dongle3.0r2, updated 24 Nov 2014

Change Log

Informational Resources


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct-sequence_spread_spectrum - Wikipedia entry describing DSSS wireless communication technology